- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on the one side of the body.
- The loss of voluntary movement and / or a loss of sensation. There may be an associated tingling sensation in the affected area.
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes. Loss of vision or visual disturbance.
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
- Sudden, severe headache with no known cause.
- Difficulty in speaking or communicating. Unable to think or understand things clearly.
3 commands, known as the Cincinnati Pre-hospital Stroke Scale (CPSS), may help to determine if a person has had a Stroke:
Ask the person to do the following:
The face should move symmetrically.
2. Raise both arms
Look for weakness on one side of the body.
3. Repeat a simple sentence
The sentence should be clear and coherent.
Using the FAST test involves asking these simple questions:
Face – Check their face. Has their mouth drooped?
Arms – Can they lift both arms?
Speech – Is their speech slurred? Do they understand you?
Time – Time is critical. If you see any of these signs, call an ambulance straight away.